It identifies its author by the names ‘Kauṭilya’ and ‘Vishnugupta’, both names that are traditionally identified with Chanakya (c. – BC), who was a scholar. He is considered the author of the Arthashastra, meaning a texts on wealth. Historically, the Kautilya’s work carries a great significance because it is an important. The Arthashastra [Kautilya] on *FREE* Chanakya Neeti ; The Erudite Thoughts of the Great Scholar, the Economist, the Strategist. Chanakya.
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The text has been translated and interpreted by Shamashastry, Kangle, Trautmann and many others. Sovereignty is possible only with assistance. Any man who poisons another and any woman arthashastfa murders a man shall be drowned. The same thing can be said of the role of technology in daily life as well. He is considered the author of the Arthashastra, meaning a texts on wealth.
A Shudra or an outcaste who commits adultery with a woman of low caste shall be put to death, while the woman shall have her ears and nose cut off. When a person causes abortion in pregnancy by striking, or medicine, or by annoyance, the highest, middlemost, and first amercements shall be imposed retrospectively.
Arthashastra arthashstra restraint on taxes imposed, fairness, the amounts and how tax increases should is implemented. A gem on economics! See 2 questions about The Arthashastra…. The Arthashastra, in Topic arthasgastra, Book 7 lists the causes of disaffection, lack of motivation and increase in economic distress among people.
Violence towards an attendant of high birth shall entitle him to run away. Hindu Way of Life. In other domains, India maintains its famed stance of ‘non-alignment’, in keeping with Kautilya’s advocacy of “neutrality” in certain circumstances. Reality And The Ideal The picture of the ideal Kautilyan state that emerges from our discussion above is one of a well-run state, prosperous and bustling with activity. May 28, Sabah rated it really liked it Recommends it for: No man shall have sexual intercourse with a woman against her will.
If, after attaining their majority, they prove disobedient to lawful authority, women shall be fined fifteen panas, and men twice the amount.
The Arthashastra of Kautilya or Chanakya
This work is most commonly likened to Machiavelli, although it predates ‘The Prince’ by several centuries. He who defiles a virgin of lesser caste who has attained majority shall have his middle finger cut off or pay a fine of panas, besides giving an adequate compensation to her father. Equally, some of Kautilya’s suggestions will be seen by us as unethical. The title “Arthashastra” is often translated to “the science of politics”,   but the book Arthashastra has a broader scope.
Tax collection and ripe fruits As one plucks one ripe fruit after another from a garden, so should the king from his kingdom. He who carries off a virgin by force shall be fined panas; if the virgin thus carried off has golden ornaments on her person, the highest amercement shall be imposed. She shall pay a fine of six panas for going out at daytime to sports or to see a woman or spectacles. Dec 01, Frank O’donnell rated it it was amazing.
More recent scholarship has disagreed with the characterization of Arthashastra as “Machiavellianism”. However, if she marries a man her father arranges or approves of, she has the right to take the ornaments with her.
Violation of the above rules shall be liable to half the punishment levied for defamation and criminal hurt. He who hurts the tongue or nose of another shall have his fingers cut off.
However many Indian scholars hold that the work belongs to fourth century B.
Bhandarkar believed that it was written much later during the early Christian era. Who are the “friends” that Kautilya writes of? Quotes from The Arthashastra. He who does not protect his people or upsets the social order wields his royal scepter in vain.
Ayurveda Dhanurveda Natya Shastra Sthapatyaveda. If a Brahman does similar acts, he shall be drowned. Twenty panas per month prevails among sea traders. As it happens, the concept “the enemy of my enemy is my friend” originated in The Arthashastra: The text advocates “land reform”, states Brians, where land is taken from landowners and farmers who own land but do not grow anything for a long time, and given to poorer farmers who want to grow crops but do not own any land. The text discusses marriage and consent laws in Books 3 and 4.
Scholars disagree on how to interpret the document.
The Arthashastra – Kautilya
For, in war, there are disadvantages such as losses, expenses and absence from home. If both of them are dead, the virgin herself shall receive it. A woman who has a right to claim maintenance for an unlimited period of time shall be given as much food and clothing as is necessary for arthashhastra, or more than is necessary in proportion to the income of her maintainer.
The translator Rangarajan, after an in-depth study of the Arthashastra, recompiles the verses into meaningful chaptersconstructs a flow which is agreeable to the modern mind and also does not lose the beauty of the poetry of the original. The rest are to be sanctioned by both the father and the mother; for it is they that receive the money paid by the bridegroom for their daughter. A woman who hates her husband, who has passed the period of seven turns of her menses, and who loves another, shall immediately return to her husband both the endowment and jewelry she has received from him, and allow him to lie down with another woman.
If a king is energetic, his subjects will be equally energetic. Found what I needed.
And because it is instructional, it is basis arthashastar the practice of government. In trying to understand Kautilya ‘s analysis, we have to keep in mind the fact that in the Kautilyan view, the king encapsulates all the constituents of a state, he has expounded the theory in terms of the king – any king.