Source for information on Brafman, Jacob: Encyclopaedia Judaica dictionary. Brafman attacked the Jewish communal organization (kahal) in Russian. Iakov Brafman was born to a poor Jewish family, grew up almost uneducated and rebellious, and clashed with the kahal (the Jewish self-governing community). It is divided into four parts: (1) The transactions of the ḳahal of Minsk (“ḳahal,” derived from the Hebrew = “community,” assumed in Russian the significance of .
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A second, enlarged two-volume edition was published in ; the first volume, containing essays on Jews and Jewish customs, was published posthumously with an introduction by Brafman’s son Brafman, lahal had his own personal conflict with the kahal as a young man, argued that the kahal existed as a tyranny against individual Jews, while also being a system which enabled the exploitation of their non-Jewish neighbours.
File:Jacob Brafmann Das Buch vom Kahal png – Wikimedia Commons
But impartial critics dissected the book and discovered that the “transactions” were simple forgeries. To facilitate their study, they have been arranged in seventeen categories, each preceded by a short explanation on the laws and customs referred to, and indicating their real aim and influence on the Jews and on the gentiles. Brafman joined the Imperial Russian Geographical Society in and became a respected figure in academia.
Supplied with his certificate of baptism, which entitled him to an official position, he was appointed professor of Hebrew in the seminary at Minsk, and at the same time was charged by the Holy Synod to devise means of spreading Christianity among the Jews. The documents, which Brafmann claimed to have found in the archives of the board of education of Wilna, extended from to Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.
One of the main problems with Brafman’s thesis was that the kahal system itself in the Russian Empire had been dissolved under Nicholas I in He became embittered by his experiences, and conceived a hatred for the Jewish community and its institutions. Brafman worked on studying Jewish community books of the kahal from Minsk from the years andwith his own commentary added to try and prove his thesis; at the same time the Rabbinical Seminary of Vilna was providing their own Russian translation.
Ginsburg, Meshumodim in Tsarishn Rusland65—79; S. Brafman summarized his views in a book titled Evreiskie bratstva mestnye i vsemirnye Jewish Brotherhoods, Local and International; that he further buttressed that same year with Kniga kagala: Thoroughly familiar with the Jewish question as I had professed Judaism till the age of thirty-fourI knew where to draw the materials necessary for the work, and the archbishop of Minsk furnished me with the means.
Brafman’s other major work, The Local and Universal Jewish Brotherhoodstook aim at international Jewish organisations, particularly those based in France. He was a leading polemicist against the kahal the communal Jewish theocratic government in Russia and the Talmud.
Petersburg in connection with the report, and was subsequently May 13, appointed professor of Hebrew at the Minsk seminary. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Materials for the Study of the Jewish Life The Jewish Persona in the European Imagination: Home Religion Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps Brafman, Jacob.
Brafman was born in and lived in Kletska shtetl near Minsk in the Pale of Settlement. Find more information about at the Center for Jewish History: An International Jewish Question;which immediately became the standard introduction to Jewish life and culture for the Russian imperial bureaucracy. As a relatively successful Christian missionary in charge of converting Jews, Brafman was promoted to be a Hebrew instructor at the Minsk Ecclesiastical Seminary.
On the important question, whether the law of the land is binding on the Jews, the comments in the Talmud are evasive, but the documents here listed under Nos.
Brafmann, Jacob – Das Buch vom Kahal – 2. Band (1928, 401 S.)
A Case of Russian Literature. Brafman’s writing was sent to St.
To back up his claim that West European Jewish institutions were plotting the destruction of Russian Orthodoxy, Brafman focused on the kahalthe quintessential East European communal entity that was legally abolished in Baron, Russian Jew under Tsars and Soviets Materialy dlia izuchenia evreiskogo byta The Book of the Kahal: It was presumed by Russian readers to give information about the “secret” customs of the Jews by which they allegedly acquired power over gentiles; antisemitic authors used it to justify anti-Jewish outrages.
Russia portal Judaism portal. Although Brafman was accused of forgery, in fact his book was a fairly accurate translation of the documents.
According to him, the kahal utilized the ethics of the Talmud to secretly control East European Jews and indoctrinate them in unconditional obedience to ruling Jewish authorities; he also claimed that Jews were taught to hate Russian society.
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Khodasevich — was Brafman’s grandson. It is divided into four parts: Among many proofs of their falsity the most interesting is that given by Shereshevski, who pointed out that a third of the transactions were dated on Saturdays or feast-days, when writing is prohibited.
Our kahap, somewhat abbreviated. Brafman’s jaclb chimed well with the Slavophiles then active in Russia and the political theory of Orthodoxy, Autocracy and Nationalitywhich sought to distance Russian civilisation from French and British liberalism. Savelii Dudakov, Istoriia odnogo mifa: I was also charged with finding a means for overcoming the obstacles to conversion to Christianity set up by the Jews Anticipating a conversion en masse of the Jews of Minsk, the press investigated the reasons for such an unexpected triumph of Christianity among the Jews.
Imperial Russia’s Jewish Question, The impression made by his book is evidence of the extent to which autonomous Jewish community life was alien to modern centralistic political ideas, ideals, and modes of relationship between individuals and jaclb state. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The Kahal goes so far jaocb to decree what individuals may be invited to, and what dishes served at, a Jewish family feast. Retrieved from kahak https: When faced with the draft, he chose to convert, becoming first Lutheran and later Russian Orthodox.
Zion3—8; S. One of Brafman’s great-grandchildren was Vladislav Khodasevichthe Russian literary critic. Klier, John Doyle